Support sentences will expand on the idea in this sentence, by giving examples or re-emphasising the point in some way, so that the reader grasps the main point of the paragraph.“Signposting” words and phrases can be useful in the linking process, for example: “Developing this further…” (looking ahead), or “Such developments…” (referring back). This can be done in sections or written up in its entirety from the organised notes. One useful method is the half-page system which leaves space for annotation and possible alteration to the sequencing of points.A verdict or judgement in answer to the question set should be considered.
What you say must be clear and easy to follow, not a mass of unrelated points.
Facts are important but not alone, they should be used in an organised way.
The key verbs here, (justify, outline, evaluate, diagnose) need to be looked at carefully because they indicate the approach you are expected to take when you prepare and write the essay.
(A dictionary can prove an invaluable help here.) The other words in the question can provide the key to the subject matter you will need to include in your answer (i.e., tourism, change…).
Next, re-write it in an easily understandable form.
Your notes will vary according to you and your style – make any that seem relevant to the subject area, at any time – put the information into a box, or special essay file. When you get to this point, you need to start to think about the reader of your essay.You are now at the stage where you will begin to group your material. For example: Once groups have been established, it is important that the sequence of ideas is organised.In other words, in what order will your information or comments come in the essay?Some of the most worrying concern the potential danger to the environment politically, physically and culturally; the place of tourism in the economy of many countries is also an issue… For example: Look at the following essay questions, all on the same subject: a) ‘Tourism today is quite unlike tourism in 1900’. b) ‘Tourism today is quite unlike tourism in 1900’.Outline the main stages of changes in tourism since 1900.Some assignments, and most examination answers, will be required to be presented in the form of an essay. An outline is essential: What are you going to say, and what evidence will you bring in to support it? Research: Key texts/sources: have you found out who the key (acknowledged experts) authors are on the topic under discussion? Having decided what you are going to say, which pieces of information/others’ research will best support your response to the question posed?An essay is a continuous piece of writing in which ideas, propositions, research and justifications are put forward and analysed in the form of a series of paragraphs. What is the proposition/hypothesis put forward for discussion/analysis? If not, the reader is not going to be convinced by what you say, because you are clearly not in possession of the key facts. Look at the following essay question and the attempt at beginning to answer it: "Outline the difficulties facing the tourist industry today. Without experience of people and places we would be much less informed about the world.An introduction should outline the basis of your essay, giving the reader an indication of what you will be writing about or discussing.A relevant quotation from a key source could provide a gripping start.Only collect information that will be useful – don’t waste time compiling masses of information that will not be used.First, analyse the question and decide what it wants you to do.