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Just before 3 month, calving cow should be given challenge feeding i.e giving fodder as much as they can feed it so that there would be a proper growth of calves and its udder.As we know the prolactin hormone is responsible for milk production and oxitocyn hormone is for milk ejection or secretion.For breed selection we must take care of the breed which is adapted to our climatic condition and their milk yielding capability.
Generally breed selection of these cow should be done on the basis of milk yield production in general 15-20 ltrs of milk yield in a day is preferrable.
Cross breeding technique with artificial insemination (AI) has drastically improved the quantity of milk production in the country which also increased the per capita milk yield production.
It is also required for the good health of the cattle.
So for ideal food for the 1 cow should be in precise proportion of dry fodder , green fodder and mineral mixture with concentrate.
So I decided to write this article inorder to practically guide and help those who are novice or newbie in dairy farming and have keen interest to start dairy farm business in a profitable way.
So folks, do remember that before stepping into this dairy farming business firstly you should mentally prepared that you are going to dedicate your full effort and time to this and special 24×7 attention should be maintained throghout.
Ideally every 13 months cow should be calving, then only our farm production will grow.
Lactation period should be of 300 days and service period must be of 90-120 days. After three four attempt of mating if cattle is not conceiving then there is a fertility issue or may be some genital problems are there so special medicine should be given.
Shed should be in some elevated area to avoid rainfall water to come inside. The floor must be made of bricks and cement with proper inclination so that the urine or excrete can drain easily.
Proper Drainage system should be there to drain the urine on either side of the shed to avoid the stagnation.