Our experiment tested people's obedience to authority.
The results showed that most obey all orders given by the authority-figure, despite their unwillingness.
In a survey, professionals such as doctors, psychologist and laymen predicted that a small proportion of a population (1-3%) would harm others if ordered to do so.
In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to only have been “following orders". Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders?
Procedures The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor ("learner") every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced.
The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition.Once the 300-volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released.Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions.The conclusion is that, contrary to common belief, personal ethics mean little when pitted against authority.Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others.All 40 participants continued to give shocks up to 300 volts.Most of the participants became very agitated, stressed and angry at the experimenter.There will come a time in most students' careers when they are assigned a research paper.Such an assignment often creates a great deal of unneeded anxiety in the student, which may result in procrastination and a feeling of confusion and inadequacy.There are few facts about the role of obedience when committing acts against one’s personal conscience (1961).Most theories suggest that only very disturbed people are capable of administering pain to an ordinary citizen if they are ordered to do so.