Herty built his research facility and pilot plant with funds provided by a Savannah businessman, the state of Georgia, and the Chemical Foundation, a nonprofit organization established after World War I.He directed his new lab to make pine into the pulp that would become paper, using acidic sulfite solutions to digest the wood, remove impurities and increase the effectiveness of bleaching agents.
Herty built his research facility and pilot plant with funds provided by a Savannah businessman, the state of Georgia, and the Chemical Foundation, a nonprofit organization established after World War I.He directed his new lab to make pine into the pulp that would become paper, using acidic sulfite solutions to digest the wood, remove impurities and increase the effectiveness of bleaching agents.Tags: Anna Quindlen Newsweek EssaysSample Outlines For Research PapersInternational Development ThesisUmi Dissertations Abstracts InternationalCan You Pay Someone To Write An Essay For YouResearch Paper Primary Vs Secondary SourcesHistory And Memory EssayUc College Application Essay Questions
Starting in the 1200s, Italians began to advance the development of paper.
Craftsmen, primarily in the regions of Fabriano and Amalfi, furthered the Arabian rag technique: applying a stamping mill, using advances in wire production to make drain screens of mesh, building a paper press.
The ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans first mimicked such techniques around 3,000 B. They stripped off the outer bark of papyrus — from which we derive the word "paper" — and beat the marsh plant’s soft pith to break up the fibers. The result was a tough, durable writing surface, as expensive to buy as it was labor-intensive to make.
But this process did not create the chemical bonds that the wasp had achieved. The historical record describes a courtier named Ts’ai-Lun who practiced papermaking techniques in the Hunan province of China. The Arabs likely acquired the technique in the Samarkand region of Uzbekistan around A. 750 — as the story goes, they captured Chinese papermakers in battle and extracted a demonstration.
The region’s abundant pines would provide an economic boost.
"In order to give our people a living and get them out of one-room shacks, it may be desirable in the next 15 years to eat into our forest capital," he told the Savannah Morning News.
In the precarious economic climate of the 1930s, the paper industry had little incentive to venture elsewhere. His native South had been hard-hit by the stock market crash, bank closings, and other financial catastrophes.
Many of his fellow Southerners knew little but farming and lived hand-to-mouth even in the best of times.
Eventually paper eclipsed parchment and vellum, advancing literacy by making the written word lest costly and more accessible.
By the mid-1400s, we began to see movable type, the printing press, and machine-produced books including the famous Gutenberg Bible in 1455.