Psychology Essay Child Development

Stability implies personality traits present during present during infancy endure throughout the lifespan.In contrast, change theorists argue that personalities are modified by interactions with family, experiences at school, and acculturation. For example, Rutter (1981) discovered than somber babies living in understaffed orphanages often become cheerful and affectionate when placed in socially stimulating adoptive homes.

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This is mainly due to advances in medical science, enabling people to live to an old age.

Charles Darwin is credited with conducting the first systematic study of developmental psychology.

In 1877 he published a short paper detailing the development of innate forms of communication based on scientific observations of his infant son, Doddy.

However, the emergence of developmental psychology as a specific discipline can be traced back to 1882 when Wilhelm Preyer (a German physiologist) published a book entitled .

To describe development it is necessary to focus both on typical patterns of change (normative development) and on individual variations in patterns of change (i.e. Although there are typical pathways of development that most people will follow, no two persons are exactly alike.

Psychology Essay Child Development

Developmental psychologists must also seek to explain the changes they have observed in relation to normative processes and individual differences.In the book Preyer describes the development of his own daughter from birth to two and a half years.Importantly, Preyer used rigorous scientific procedure throughout studying the many abilities of his daughter.Developmental psychology is a scientific approach which aims to explain growth, change and consistency though the lifespan.Developmental psychology looks at how thinking, feeling, and behavior change throughout a person’s life.Initially developmental psychologists were interested in studying the mind of the child so that education and learning could be more effective.Developmental changes during adulthood is an even more recent area of study.Indeed, much of the current research continues to be influenced by these three theorists.The speedy physical and psychological changes that children undergo from birth through adolescence often leave parents and caregivers wondering how best to engage and help them.The process of child development can include everything from sensory awareness and fine motor skills to language and socialization ability.It is strongly influenced by a child’s genetic makeup, environment, and cognitive skills.

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