Because this kind of cloning does not result in the genesis of a human organism, it has no reproductive intent or goals, and it does not result in the creation and destruction of embryos, there is little to no contention regarding its use.
One of the most predominate themes underlying arguments for reproductive cloning is an appeal to procreative liberty.
Because cloning may provide the only way for some individuals to have a child that is genetically their own, a ban on cloning interferes with their reproductive autonomy.
It may also be possible to use therapeutic cloning to repair defective genes by homologous recombination (Doetschman , 1987).
Cellular models of diseases can be developed as well, along with the ability to test drug efficacy: “cloning a single skin cell from a patient with a disease could be used to produce inexhaustible amounts of cells and tissue with that disease.
The tissue could be experimented upon to understand why disease occurs.
It could be used to understand the genetic contribution to disease and to test vast arrays of new drugs which could not be tested in human people” (Savulescu, 2007, 1-2).
One way to overcome stem cell rejection is by creating embryos through somatic cell nuclear transfer with the patient’s own DNA.
In 2008, a California research team succeeded in creating embryos via SCNT and growing them to the blastocyst stage (French , 2008).
One use of this technology, for example, is to help treat individuals in the aftermath of a heart attack.
Using SCNT to create a genetically identical blastocyst, new healthy cells could be derived and inserted back into the genetic donor’s heart in order to replace the damaged cardiac cells (Strauer, 2009).