Overcrowding In Prisons Essay

The average number of prisoners had increased in the late 1990s to over 600 convicts per 100, 000 citizens.

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A sentence of imprisonment constitutes only a deprivation of the basic right to liberty.

It does not entail the restriction of other human rights, with the exception of those which are naturally restricted by the very fact of being in prison.

War on Drugs is an expression applied commonly to the campaign against illegal drugs by the U. The population of the United States is about 5 percent of the worldwide population.

When compared to crime stricken countries like Brazil and Mexico, the population of prisoners in the U. In 100, 000 adults in Mexico, there are 208 prisoners while there are 242 prisoners in Brazil.

When compared to nations like Japan, Mexico, and Britain, the population of jailed people in the U. It represents 25% of the world's jailed individuals. The overpopulation in San Quentin State Prison and Folsom State Prison show the truth of this fact.

The high rise of the number of convicts is due to the War on Drugs. In 2012, Folsom State Prison had 2,912 yet it should only house 2,469 prisoners.

For instance, in 2012, Folsom State Prison's total number of convicts was 2,912 yet the designated population should be 2,469 prisoners. Instead of focusing on incarcerating people, it should focus on rehabilitating them through community rehabilitation centers.

In San Quentin State Prison, there were 4,223 inmates yet the carrying capacity of the prison is just 3,082 prisoners. The campaign has not led to the discouragement and the elimination of production, distribution, and utilization of illegal drugs. Again, the campaign ought to focus on the key people involved in the production of illegal drugs.

However, this argument is often insufficient to encourage prison reform programmes in countries with scarce human and financial resources.

The detrimental impact of imprisonment, not only on individuals but on families and communities, and economic factors also need to be taken into account when considering the need for prison reforms.

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