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He studied young men and found due to blocked opportunities such as poor education they were unable to meet the socially ascribed goals.Instead they could 'innovate' and gain monetary success through unlawful means.New Right Realists claim that serious unemployment leads to crime as the perpetrator has fewer responsibilities.
This would explain why men commit more crime as they are under more social pressures to earn money due to their sex-role socialisation as the bread winner.
However Carlen would argue that woman are more likely to be economically marginalised than men and therefore have reason to have given up on the justice system meaning that they should in fact commit more crime.
Even so men still commit a much higher proportion of crime.
An early study into the causes of crime by Lombrosso claimed that men commit more crime as they are more likely to have physical flaws such as an extra nipple creating a more ape like appearance.
By studying criminals in one Italian prison he argued that a more ape like features that he claimed could be seen in convicts and not in the prison officers, suggested that the individual was less evolved and therefore predisposed to committing crime.
He noted that women are less likely to have these flaws and are therefore not born criminals explaining less female criminal activities.
The world we live in today is still man-made, no less now then in the nineteenth century.
As Englishmen began to develop an identity in 19th century society, they mirrored the "ideals" for women of the Victorian period: gentility, weakness, ignorance and submissiveness.
This would explain why men commit more crime than women.
However New Left Realists would disagree and claim that the New Right Realists were over concentrating on the operation of control agencies and that in fact a combination of political marginalisation, relative deprivation and the formation of deviant subcultures leads to crime.