When you are completing an explication de texte, make sure to follow the structure of the text as you complete a close examination of its form and content.
The format for an explication de texte consists of: i.
An introduction, in which you situate the text within its genre and historical context.
This is where you can point out to your readers the general themes of the text, its form, the trajectory of your reading, and your approach to the text. The body, in which you develop your ideas, following the structure of the text.
If the essay topics seem too formal to you, study, for example, your progress in studying the French language, or state what attracts you in the language and explain why.
You may also do a comparative analysis of French and some other language.
You should also give the implications of what is being addressed, and the relevance of these within a larger literary, historical, or philosophical context.
NB: If you are writing about a poem, include observations on the verse, rhyme schemes, and meter.
Writing essays is challenging enough, but when you are asked to write a French essay, you are not only being asked to write in a foreign language, but to follow the conventions of another linguistic and literary tradition.
Like essay-writing in any language, the essential part of writing a French essay is to convey your thoughts and observations on a certain topic in a clear and concise manner.