Findings partly confirm the findings of previous studies.
Writer’s performance is correlated with all the variables under study except for spelling test.).
Similarly, Becker () claimed that novice writers possessed a grim view of rewriting—viewing it as punitive; while expert or skilled writers viewed rewriting as an opportunity to discover ways to improve the quality of the text.
Gustilo () concluded that proficient writers, whether they plan or not during the pre-writing stage, may have the same results.
The purpose of the pilot study, which is a part of a larger project on ESL writing involving freshmen college students in the Philippines, is to explore the relationship between writer’s performance, writer’s resources, and writer’s idea generation process.
To measure the writer’s performance, diagnostic essays of 85 Filipino freshmen engineering students were evaluated based on Gustilo’s (2011) modified holistic scoring guide.Examining the processes utilized by language learners in composing helps identify how these processes function in writing among writers.More importantly, describing these processes has helped characterize the differences and/or similarities between good and poor writers.The control level includes “the task goals and a set of productions that govern the interactions among the processes” (p. The resource level as explained by Chenoweth and Hayes () includes the long-term memory, the working memory, and other general purpose processes (e.g.process of reading) that the control level and process level can manipulate.Cognitive-based writing research and assessment have successfully identified the variables that are at work while writing, have informed writing assessment frameworks, have refined and redeveloped the cognitive-based writing models evolved in the 80s and 90s, and have suggested instruction techniques tailored to the needs of the writers (Becker, ).However, one of the limitations of the early models of cognitive research is that they mostly involved laboratory case studies involving few participants, usually limited to 1 to 20 participants, using interviews and think-aloud protocols—a method which asks students to compose aloud while writing—which is regarded by many us unnatural because, in actual writing, writers do not compose aloud (Humes, ).The present pilot study is unique in that it will involve 85 participants writing in a naturalistic situation in a class.Most of the early studies on cognitive process framework focused on the processes while composing.Additionally, good writers review and revise their texts on high level-elements of writing such as concerns about style, audience, and tone.Castro () explained that expert writers had more pre-writing activities, more generated ideas, more organizational decisions, more retrieved ideas, and more evaluations before writing down their notes than did the novice writers.