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A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article.A literature review is a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic.Published books may also be helpful, but keep in mind that peer-reviewed articles are widely considered to be the “gold standard” of scientific research.
A fourth type, the systematic review, is often classified separately, but is essentially a literature review focused on a research question, trying to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high-quality research evidence and arguments relevant to that question.Literature reviews are secondary sources, and do not report new or original experimental work.Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such reviews are found in academic journals, and are not to be confused with book reviews that may also appear in the same publication.You need to have an idea of what you will be reviewing in order to effectively search for references and to write a coherent summary of the research on it.At this it can be helpful to write down a description of the research question, area, or topic that you will be reviewing, as well as to identify any keywords that you will be using to search for relevant research.At this stage, you are close to writing the review itself. After you have written draft, you should read it carefully and then edit and revise as needed.However, it is often helpful to first reflect on all the reading that you have done. You may need to repeat this process more than once.These may differ in the way prior research is reviewed as well as the way in which the literature review is organized.Examples of stylistic variations in literature reviews include: Overall, all literature reviews, whether they are written as a part of a larger work or as separate articles unto themselves, have a common feature: they do not present new research; rather, they provide When writing a literature review, it can be helpful to rely on the following steps.For more information about this step, please see the Using Databases and Finding Scholarly References section of this website. Read through the articles and books that you have found, and as you do, take notes.The notes should include anything that will be helpful in advancing your own thinking about the topic and in helping you write the literature review (such as key points, ideas, or even page numbers that index key information).