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Although every answer to these questions leads to a different interpretation, 2 given the traditional opposition of satire to archaic tragedy bequeathed by Lucilius3 many scholars agree that “[ w] hatever the case, Accius and Pacuvius come in for criticism” and note that “[ t] heir works suffer from the same maladies that infect their revivalist advocates”. 4 It is a known fact that the high style of epic and tragedy, the 1 W. Satire is as old as literature, and the Romans like Persius, Horace and Juvenal were the great satirists, who first lay down the principles of satire and how it made its own fashion in literature.
FISKE, “ Lucilius and Persius”, TAPh A 40 (1909), p. KORZENIEWSKI, “ Die erste Satire des Persius”, in ID.
Based on the view of Dryden, the true purpose of satire is, “the correction amendment of vices by correction” (Satire Quotes).
Basically, satire is of two kinds, personal and impersonal satire; the personal satire is short lived, has only little permanency and is targeted towards the individual, and so the effect of the personal satire is in the hands of the master; whereas the impersonal satire has wider range, the target is universal rather than the individual, and provides finest achievements when compared to the personal tragedy.
The translations of Persius are based, with slight revisions, on those of J.
ZETZEL, Commentum Cornuti in Persium, Munich/ Leipzig, 2004. POWELL, “ Persius’ First Satire : A Re-examination”, in T. POWELL (eds.), Author and Audience in Latin Literature, Cambridge, 1992, p.