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For example, The Ecotourism Society defines ecotourism as “Purposeful travel to natural areas to understand the culture and the natural history of the environment; taking care not to alter the integrity of the ecosystem; producing economic opportunities that make the conservation of the natural resources beneficial to the local people.” The World Conservation Union’s (IUCN) Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas (CNPPA) defines ecotourism as “Environmentally responsible travel and visitation to relatively undisturbed natural areas, in order to enjoy and appropriate nature (and any accompanying cultural features both past and present) that promotes conservation, has low visitor impact and provides for beneficially active socio-economic involvement of local population.” One of the best definitions of ecotourism is that provided by the Australian National Ecotourism Strategy which states: “Ecotourism is nature based tourism that involves education and interpretation of the natural environment and is managed to be ecologically sustainable.” The above definitions indicate that ecotourism is a complex phenomenon, involving integration of many factors including tourists, resident peoples, suppliers, and managers and multiple functions. Collection from the other sources related to tourism We can say that ecotourism is neither a simple concept to define nor a straightforward phenomenon to implement and evaluate.
In ecotourism, natural areas and local population are united in a symbolic relationship through the introduction of tourism. We know that tourism is an important economic tool, and is contributing for the development of the countries. Ecotourism should be regarded as being more than tourism to the natural areas and should be viewed as a means of combining the goals of resource conservation and local development through tourism in a synergistic fashion.
As a developmental tool, ecotourism can advance the three basic goals of the Convention on Biological Diversity: 1.
Conserve biological (and cultural) diversity, by strengthening protected area management systems (Public or Private) and increasing the value of sound ecosystem. Promote the sustainable use of biodiversity, by generating income, jobs and business opportunities in ecotourism and related business networks. Share the benefits of ecotourism developments equitably with local communities and indigenous people, by obtaining their informed consent and full participation in planning and management of ecotourism businesses.
The strong orientation of the ecotourism field towards principles, guidelines and certification based on sustainability standard gives it an unusual position in the tourism field.
Ecotourism is viewed, as a means of protecting natural areas through the generation of revenues, environmental education and involvement of the local people in such ways; both conservation and development will be prompted in a sustainable manner. century, tourism has become the largest industry in the world, and this is now considered as the most rapidly growing industry of the world.The World Tourism Organization (WTO 1996) predicts that international tourism will grow at approximately 4% per year through the year 2010.In the wake of these impacts, there is a need for the alternate tourism so that we can preserve tourism with its benefits for next generations also. Thus, sustainable tourism development has become one of the essential elements of new tourism paradigm from “mass tourism” to “sustainable tourism.” Ecotourism is now a major growth area in its own right.It is against this backdrop, the ASSOCHAM organized an International Conclave on Tourism for Sustainable Development during December 10-11, 1999 at New Delhi.So is tourism really that good at protecting tigers?Read more Accessible Sustainable Ecotourism: Necessary Market Adjustments in a New Age of Travel The environment has become one of the most important criteria for today’s traveler.It is probably one of the only ways besides your memory to get a true picture in years to come of your memorable trip...Read more Inka Porter Project Urges More Responsible Trekking With people’s thoughts beginning to turn to holidays for next year, the Inka Porter Project (IPP), is urging tourists to act responsibly when it comes to trekking in the Andes....Be designed, built and operated so that they leave a “soft imprint”. Contribute money to the local economy and local community services. Contribute financially to environmental protection. The definitions of ecotourism focus on three significant aspects viz. It differs in a meaningful way from mass tourism that aims at consuming nature leaving it depleted on more than one front. To get success in ecotourism we should follow a process. To plan for tourism development on the basis of sustainability. And this depends upon the resource exploitation and the revenue generated. Conservation, sustainability and biological diversity are the three interrelated aspects of ecotourism. The various steps of this process may include the following: a. While developing the ecotourism, we can opt for several methods of revenue generation as follows: 1.