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It would also create a new Constitution in which it would enshrine its secularist, anti-clerical ideology, which still reigns as the supreme law of the country today, albeit in heavily modified form.
As recounts, Calles decreed the expulsion of foreign-born priests and prohibited public expressions of religious belief and clerical participation in politics.
However, the movie strangely omits the most offensive aspects of Calles’s policy: the almost total prohibition of Catholic education, and the restriction of the number of clergy permitted to function to levels that would result in the strangulation of the Catholic faith in Mexico.
It declared all churches in Mexico to be the property of the government, and forbade any public display of religious identity in public, including clerical garb.
Priests, as well as lay Catholic publications and groups, were forbidden to comment on politics, and the clergy was deprived of the right to vote.
The forces of Carranza and Obregon defeated Zapata and Villa, and established Carranza as president of Mexico in 1917.
The Carranza-Obregon faction was openly wedded to Marxist ideology, and under its leadership the Mexican government would become the first sovereign state in the western hemisphere to recognize the Soviet Union.The anti-clerical provisions of the 1917 Constitution, as the civil laws that had preceded it, were not fully enforced in the years immediately following the document’s adoption.However, that began to change in 1925, when the fanatically anti-Catholic, atheistic president Plutarco Elias Calles began to browbeat state and federal government officials into applying the laws with the greatest strictness, ultimately issuing a penal reform decree known as the “Calles Law” that provided criminal penalties for violating the provisions.He would ultimately be martyred in 1927 and beatified by Pope Benedict XVI in 2005.portrays Gonzalez Flores as an important figure, but offers little to explain his significance to the Cristiada, a significance that is almost impossible to exaggerate.However, following the assassination of Madero two years later at the instigation of US ambassador Henry Lane Wilson, a series of anti-Catholic presidents would rise to power in a struggle between revolutionary factions that would lead to an estimated one million deaths in Mexico, mostly by starvation and disease.The United States would ultimately back the hard-left faction of Venustatio Carranza and Alvaro Obregon, which was opposed to the more Catholic-friendly faction of Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa.is raising awareness of a long-forgotten chapter in Catholic history that seems increasingly relevant for religious believers in America today.Few Americans—and amazingly few Mexicans—have been aware of the epic, three-year struggle to save the Catholic faith that convulsed Mexico in the 1920s, an almost mystical event that has come to be known by the faithful as “La Cristiada.” Although the movie conveys a rough idea of the Cristiada, a war that took the lives of an estimated 250,000 Mexicans and sent shockwaves throughout the hemisphere, many aspects of the struggle have been omitted or modified.Some of the conflict’s most important figures, such as Anacleto Gonzalez Flores, are glossed over, and others are portrayed in an inaccurate or even inverted manner.In the interest of character and plot development, relationships between characters were created for the film that never existed in reality.