In other words, society was one unit and members were subordinated to its purpose; the holy and regenerate (i.e., the saved or visible saints) ruled.
With the Fall of Adam and Eve, human nature and reason fell too, so that they were corrupted, i.e., perverted or depraved.
The King gave his permission for the migration in order for England to acquire raw materials, to check the power of Spain, to find a new route to the Orient, and to convert the Indians.
The Puritans saw in the Bible a rational and consistent doctrine, the covenant, which set forth rules and regulations which covered every aspect of life [covenant: (1) a binding and solemn agreement by 2 or more people, parties, etc.
Church attendance was to be mandatory.• The Separatists (e.g., Pilgrims of Plymouth) broke away from the Church of England to establish their own communities for worship and some fled to Holland. The Puritans were also revolutionaries who fought a Civil War from 1642-49, executed Charles I and the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1649, and established a Commonwealth, which lasted until 1660, when the monarchy was restored with Charles II.
Since the Church of England was the established or national church, their flight was regarded generally as disloyal, if not quite treason. Stereotype: The Puritans were killjoys who condemned alcohol and smoking.
As Uriah Oakes explained: "Wisdom lies in the Rational Application of general rules of Scripture to ourselves and our own conditions, and in the introduction of particulars, and due Reasoning from it." Christians generally accept the position that God predestines or elects the good to salvation; the fate of sinners regarding salvation and damnation is an open issue.
The Puritans, however, accepted Calvin's belief in double predestination: By predestination we mean the eternal decree of God, by which he determined with himself whatever he wished to happen with regard to every person.
As a consequence human beings distorted the truth, even God’s revealed truth.
For this reason, Samuel Mather (1643-1671) attributed all sin and misery to “hearkening to reason against Institution.” Nevertheless, men of learning could use right reason to interpret the Bible and to direct others.