Emergence Of Civil Rights As A National Issue Essay

Emergence Of Civil Rights As A National Issue Essay-53
In May 1961, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), led by James Farmer, organized integrated Freedom Rides to defy segregation in interstate transportation.

In May 1961, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), led by James Farmer, organized integrated Freedom Rides to defy segregation in interstate transportation.

A primary target of supremacist groups was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Over the course of decades the NAACP had filed a procession of court cases, including Brown, and had assumed the lead in the national struggle against segregated education.

They pursued their goals through legal means, negotiations, petitions, and nonviolent protest demonstrations.

The civil rights movement centered around the American South, where the African American population was concentrated and where racial inequality in education, economic opportunity, and the political and legal processes was most blatant.

In the North, black Americans also faced discrimination in housing, employment, education, and many other areas. This landmark decision outlawed racial segregation in public schools.

But the civil rights movement had made important progress, and change was on the way. Whites around the country condemned the decision, and in the South such white supremacist groups as the Ku Klux Klan and the Citizens’ Council organized to resist desegregation, sometimes resorting to violence.Instead, he appointed unprecedented numbers of African Americans to high-level positions in the administration and strengthened the Civil Rights Commission.He spoke out in favor of school desegregation, praised a number of cities for integrating their schools, and put Vice President Lyndon Johnson in charge of the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity.Beginning in the late 19th century, state and local governments passed segregation laws, known as Jim Crow laws, and mandated restrictions on voting qualifications that left the black population economically and politically powerless.African Americans throughout much of the South were denied the right to vote, barred from public facilities, subjected to insults and violence, and could not expect justice from the courts. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas ushered in a new era in the struggle for civil rights.Introduction: The civil rights movement can be defined as a mass popular movement to secure for African Americans equal access to and opportunities for the basic privileges and rights of U. African American men and women, along with whites, organized and led the movement at national and local levels. Although the roots of the civil rights movement go back to the 19th century, the movement peaked in the 1950s and 1960s.By the end of the 1950s, less than 10 percent of black children in the South were attending integrated schools.The pace of civil rights protests rose sharply in response to the Supreme Court’s decision.Many southern political leaders claimed the desegregation decision violated the rights of states to manage their systems of public education, and they responded with defiance, legal challenges, delays, or token compliance.As a result, school desegregation proceeded very slowly.

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