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Each of the essays shall contain new results and viewpoints, and shall primarily be based on independent research by the author, but also collaboratively written essays may be accepted as part of the doctoral dissertation if the independent contribution of the author may be clearly demonstrated.The number of essays required depends on their extent, scientific significance and quality as well as on the weight of the independent contribution of the author to the essays.The summary describes the research problem, research goals and methods, and presents a summary of the key findings.
The doctoral dissertation describes the research problem, the research goals, the used methods and results, and presents a summary of the key findings.
The summary shall assess the significance of the study for the discipline.
In an article dissertation, the articles have already undergone peer review.
The examination is then usually directed at the summary part and the aggregate of the dissertation, as well as the doctoral student's own contribution.
A monographis a coherent writing based on the work of the doctoral candidate and written by the candidate.
The monograph may contain references to previous works by the doctoral candidate on the same topic.
An article can be included in several dissertations if the separate contribution of the doctoral candidate can be demonstrated.
In the field of art and design, a doctoral dissertation may also include joint productions if the doctoral candidate has made an independent contribution to them.
An article-based doctoral dissertation consists of a set of publications on a related set of problems, and a summary of the findings.
The research plan is to be made in a way that makes it possible to complete the doctoral degree in four years of full-time study.