Deforestation Case Study

Deforestation Case Study-64
Finally, Kenya generates more than 44% of its energy from water and around the Mau Complex several hydro-electric power stations are operational.2014), making the land suitable for small and spontaneous farming.

Finally, Kenya generates more than 44% of its energy from water and around the Mau Complex several hydro-electric power stations are operational.2014), making the land suitable for small and spontaneous farming.

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According to Birdlife International, “this forest holds one of the richest examples of a central East African montane avifauna, and its size means that populations of most species are likely to be viable” (Bennun, Njoroge, 2001, p. (1982), who classified 17 East African forests according to theriological biogeography, ranked the MAU forest complex, with 25 found species, 2nd out 154.

Some key species are present, such as the African golden cat Nowadays, the forest is managed by the State through the Kenyan Forest Service (KFS).

The forest was declared a Crown Land in the 1930s, and then gazetted as a Forest Reserve twenty years later.

Mau Complex has been subjected to drastic deforestation since the colonial era and especially in the fifteen years before the promulgation of the Forest Act (2005).

In this paper we highlight how these strategies embedded in national politics have influenced the deforestation process in the Mau Forest and how local communities have reacted to these dynamics. In the first paragraph we define the context of the Mau Forest1, highlighting the socio-environmental capital that is at stake.

In the second part, we highlight the political issues underlying the proximate drivers of deforestation: for each driver we analyze the actors and the relations of powers that have fuelled the deforestation process.L’article analyse le processus de déforestation dans la Forêt Mau (Kenya) et met l’accent sur les acteurs impliqués et les relations de pouvoir sous-jacentes.Les causes directes de la déforestation sont trois : l'agriculture, la production de bois et les infrastructures. Google(); req('single_work'); $('.js-splash-single-step-signup-download-button').one('click', function(e){ req_and_ready('single_work', function() ); new c. The proximate causes of the deforestation are three: agriculture, wood production and infrastructures.In this context of pressure on natural resources, local communities have developed different projects to reduce deforestation and promote alternative development strategies, especially through the Community Forest Associations (CFAs).These dynamics show that deforestation is a complex issue whose solutions lie primarily outside the forest itself and that it should be tackled with suitable policies on crucial issues such as land, agriculture, infrastructure and indigenous peoples.Only mentioning omeotherm fauna, of 55 key species cited in the Birdlife International check-list (IBA KE051), 25 are included in a list of birds used by Bennun (1996) as an indicator of strong quality forest and we detected 16 of them by participatory survey only in Kiptunga (Eastern Mau) forest (Trivellini, Lindon, 2015).Some endemic species, as well as some threatened at regional level, occur.The Mau Complex is composed of 22 blocks2 – all but one of them (the Maasai Mau) declared forest reserves3 – located along a North-South axis of 150 km at an altitude of between 1200 m and 3000 m.The Mau Forest plays an important role in the agricultural, tourism and energy sectors.

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