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Example: Discuss the effects the Dred Scott decision had on the build-up to the Civil War. Now you're asking students to come up with alternatives and communicate those ideas. Example: Describe the ongoing effects installing a dam on the Snake River would have on the surrounding ecosystem.Example: Explain the theory behind 'broken window' policing and provide reasoning for the arguments against this theory. These questions shouldn't be answered easily, since they require detailed answers and an on-going process of monitoring. Provide a mechanism for monitoring the flora and fauna levels.Based on how we design our word problems, we can encourage higher or lower levels of critical thinking.
How you frame the question sets up how the student is going to think to come up with the answer.
There are five levels of complexity based on how you ask a question, going from least to most cognitively complex.
They can also involve performing a basic computation in mathematics.
This is the lowest form of cognitive complexity and requires no critical thinking.
Here the thinker is given a set of guidelines and tasked with coming up with the proper answer after analysis.
After a solution has been formulated, communication is also a vital step. At this level it is assumed the thinker has gathered, compared, and interpreted relevant facts to develop and communicate a solution to the problem. Prompts for these questions: Describe the limitations of your proposed solution to, Explain the implications of your solution to, Establish a plan for monitoring your recommendation of, Examine how conditions might change over time for.
They're also trying to get home in time to cook dinner and watch the latest episode of their favorite TV show. The key to critical thinking is the idea of actively analyzing your own thought.
I can't help with that last problem, but we can learn how to structure problems for students in a way that encourages the development of critical thinking. This process of thinking about thinking is known as metacognition and is a hallmark of critical thinking, which is exclusive to us humans. When crafting word problems to inspire critical thinking, it is vital that you use the right language.
Since these questions are very simple and involve little cognitive challenge, they will be short and simple.
Example: List the steps involved in a bill becoming a law.