Consensus Model Criminal Justice Essay

Consensus Model Criminal Justice Essay-88
In a modern society characterized by the predominance of secondary rather than primary relationships, the sociopath or psychopath functions, in popular culture at least, as a prime index of contemporary social unease.

In a modern society characterized by the predominance of secondary rather than primary relationships, the sociopath or psychopath functions, in popular culture at least, as a prime index of contemporary social unease.

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According to consensus theorists this process starts from a young age in the family and education.

These institutions enforce what are known as positive and negative sanctions, or rewarding good behaviour and punishing bad behaviour.

The popular rhyme of the time went, “Lizzie Borden took an axe, and gave her mother 40 whacks.

When she saw what she had done, she gave her father 41. However, at the same time that Fallon was conducting research on psychopaths, he was studying the brain scans of Alzheimer’s patients.

According to consensus theories, for the most part society works because most people are successfully socialised into shared values through the family and education.

Consensus Model Criminal Justice Essay

Socialisation produces agreement or consensus between people about appropriate behaviour and beliefs without which no human could survive.

True, individual freedom is reduced in such a situation, but this is seen as a good thing for society in general, and also for the individual.

There are several different theories within Consensus Theory you need to know about, but the main ones are Functionalism, Bonds of Attachment/ Social Control Theory, Strain Theory, Subcultural Theory, and Underclass Theory.

Cesare Lombroso (1835–1909), an Italian professor of legal psychiatry, was a key figure in positivist criminology who thought he had isolated specific physiological characteristics of “degeneracy” that could distinguish “born criminals” from normal individuals (Rimke, 2011).

In a much more sophisticated way, this was also the premise of James Fallon (b.

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