Anarchism And Other Essays Online

Anarchism And Other Essays Online-20
If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box.Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in.Anarchism is the political philosophy which rejects (and supports the elimination of ) compulsory government or compulsory rule, and holds that society can (and should) be organized without a coercive state.

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Emma Goldman, American anarchist and feminist, advocate of free speech, birth control, and the eight-hour work day, was arrested in New York City on February 11, 1916—just prior to giving another public lecture on family planning.

She was charged with violating the Comstock Act, an 1873 law banning transportation of “obscene” matter through the mail or across state lines.

The designation of May Day (May 1) as an international labor holiday commemorated the Haymarket tragedy. Great Mass Meeting To-night, at o’clock, at the Haymarket… Printed Ephemera: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera.

Rare Book & Special Collections Division By 1889, Goldman had moved to New York City.

Her abilities as a speaker and writer contributed to her prominence among an international group of political radicals.

In the 1890s, Goldman worked as a nurse and a midwife among poor immigrants in New York City’s Lower East Side.Her acceptance of anarchism–the belief that any form of government is unnecessary and undesirable–grew from the persecution of anarchist and labor leaders during the Haymarket Affair of 1886-87.Following labor protests in Chicago that turned violent, eight anarchists were convicted of bomb throwing without hard evidence, based on the radical content of their writings and speeches; four of the eight were hanged amid broad public outrage.Though banned in her lifetime, Emma Goldman returned to the United States for her final resting place: she is buried in a Chicago cemetery near the monument erected for the Haymarket Martyrs.Access to society journal content varies across our titles.She campaigned for legalized birth control, believing that contraception was essential to women’s social, sexual, and economic freedom.Emma Goldman was arrested twice (19) and imprisoned once (1916) for lecturing and distributing material in support of birth control.Anarchism contends that the state lacks moral legitimacy, that there is no individual obligation or duty to obey the state and, conversely, that the state has no right to command individuals.Anarchism calls for gradual change to free all individual from the oppressive laws and social constraints of the modern state.Goldman lived and worked in Russia until 1921, when she left, disillusioned with the Russian Revolution.Exiled from the United States, Emma Goldman traveled through Europe, delivering lectures as an advocate of anarchism and individual freedom. Tropez, France, where she wrote her memoir, of 1931; and in Toronto, Canada, where she died in 1940.

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