This history – along with that of writing, which had begun at least by the late 4th millennium BCE – together constitute the foundation of graphic design.
Many books in the classical world were illustrated, although only a handful of original examples survive.
In its broadest definition, therefore, it refers to the whole history of art, although painting and other aspects of the subject are more usually treated as art history.
and many other rock or cave paintings in other parts of the world show that graphic art emerged very early in the development of prehistoric human cultures worldwide.
The subject matter of Byzantine art was primarily religious and imperial.
Byzantine art is more spiritual in content (figures presented as representations of the soul rather than the body) and yet more "worldly" in form with a show of gold, silver, precious and semi-precious stones. That is the basic premise of a minimalist color poster design.Muslim scribes used black ink and golden paper to write and draw, using an angled alphabet called Kuffi, or Kufi.Such writings appeared in the 8th century and reached their apex in the 10th century.Different European countries adopted different suit systems.For instance, some Italian, Spanish and German decks of cards even today do not have queens.The graphics in these books reflect the influence of the Animal style associated with the "barbarian" peoples of Northern Europe, with much use of interlace and geometric decoration.In Islamic countries graphic designs were created to decorate the text of the holy book of Islam, the Qur'an.He demonstrated that with simple relocation of these colors, and experiment with the proportionality of various square surfaces one can achieve extremely different ambiances and various feelings.For the graphic designers who intend to convey a message with a minimum interference from the extraneous elements his experiment in minimalism was a valuable gift.Historically, it has been variously described as "the shorthand of history" A trademark is a distinctive sign or indicator used by an individual, company or other entity to identify its products or services and to distinguish them from those of other producers.A trademark is a type of intellectual property, and typically a name, word, phrase, logo, symbol, design, image, or a combination of these elements.